Marble is a metamorphic stone that forms when limestone is subjected to heat and pressure. It is composed of (primarily) calcite and other minerals including micas, quartz, pyrite, iron oxides, and graphite.
Marble has been used in homes, businesses, and churches for centuries. It has a stately, timeless look that adds something extra to any room. Like a “little black dress” it never goes out of style.
Marble is available in a wide range of natural hues including:
Some types of marble are very solid in cooring while others have more prominent veining and movement (patterns and color variations).
Marble is primarily available in 2 finishes: Polished and honed (a.k.a. matte).
Marble with a polished finish has a shiny, glossy surface. This finish is achieved through a grinding and buffing process. It really brings out the individual details (ex. veining) of the slab. Polished marble is the least porous of the finishes. This means it is the most resistant to staining. However, it is the most susceptible to etching by acids (ex. household cleaners).
Honed (a.k.a. matte)
Marble with a honed finish has a smooth, almost soft texture. This finish is achieved through a sanding process. It mutes the color slightly while creating a satiny look. Honed marble doesn’t show scratches and etching as easily as a polished finish; however, the honing process opens the pores of the marble making it more susceptible to staining.
In addition to polished and honed, there are other finish options available such as leather (a.k.a. antique).
There are many pros to marble. Including:
Marble is an all natural material. If bringing natural elements into your home is important, marble should definitely be on your list.
Since marble is a natural product, no two slabs are the same. This means, when you choose marble, you are guaranteed to get a one-of-a-kind look. Keep in mind that if your marble gets damaged, it can be quite tricky to fix since there is no piece exactly like what you have.
Marble is heat resistant so you don’t have to be overly concerned about setting hot products (ex. pots, pans, and styling tools) on it. Marble works well as a fireplace hearth because it won’t yellow due to heat like some other materials.
Marble is not a strong heat conductor (meaning it tends to say cool). This is a huge benefit if you do a lot of baking.
Unfortunately, there are also some cons to marble. Including:
Low Abrasion Resistance
Marble will scratch easier than some other materials.
Marble is more porous than some other materials (ex. granite). This means that it is more prone to staining. In addition, marble’s chemical makeup means that it is fairly sensitive to acids so you’ll have to watch what you put on the surface to avoid staining and etching.